The Largest Mammal on Land Alive : Elephants

The Largest Mammal on Land Alive : Elephants

Elephants are the largest mammals on land alive. They are keystone species and have attracted attention of a wide variety of people. From researchers, tourists and anyone/anything that appreciate their uniqueness.

They are most unique wildlife with a very beautiful memory that is passed on to generations. Able to mourn their dead. As well as manage to handle little berries delicately using their nose, which is also known as their nose.

Elephants

They can be divided into 3 species. Namely:

  • African bush elephants
  • African forest elephants
  • Asian elephants

They can easily be found in Sub-Saharan Africa as well as both South and Southeast Asia. In places such as the forests, savannah, marques and even deserts.

They are able to use their huge ears to regulate their body temperature. Their ears allow them to release heat into the environment. Hence allowing the rest of the body conducive body temperatures. They do so by flapping their ears. African elephants have the largest ears as they occupy the hottest areas.

Did you know that their trunk has no bones? It’s made of up to 150k muscles components and little fat. It’s one of the most important body parts to them.

Trunk functions include:

  • Breathing
  • Sound production
  • Holding stuff
  • Offers sense of smell
  • Fighting
  • Wiping their face
  • Drawing water

For African elephants, they have two finger-like extensions at the tip of their truck, while the Asian one, only has one extension.

Elephants are social animals

Read the full article here.

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