How does climate change affect wildlife?

How does climate change affect wildlife? Are they safer than humans, or worst off ?

Wildlife seems to be the unlucky species lately in this planet. They almost have enemies from all angles. Yet they can do very little if any for themselves. To make the survival a success.

They suffer:

  • Habitat fragmentation and loss. Their land is been encroached from all sides each passing day. Hence reducing in size and quality.
  • Poaching and hunting. For many unqualified reasons, they lose their lives. Humans have been known to kill wildlife for their body parts, as source of food and worst as a form of entertainment.
  • Such to name a few…

So how does climate change affect wildlife?

Climate change is the new “world war iv”. It’s killing and destroying this planet at an alarming rate. With its power and discard among humans, it’s winning in various ways.

But as we come together and speak in one uniform voice. Adhere to the agreements and actions agreed upon, maybe we can save our home, planet earth.

Some of the ways climate change affect wildlife includes:

Read the full article here

Advertisements

Wildlife destinations in Africa that you need to check out

Wildlife destinations in Africa you need to check out. It’s holiday season and travelling is one of the things that makes it more merrier.

It’s that time of the year where families come together. Or you get an opportunity to have some quality me time if you prefer your own company. All in all, it’s time to just relax and have some good time.

Beaches and big hotels maybe most preferred by many. Enjoying some vitamin D and sand bathing. What if you still get that vitamin D and get to make awesome memories. This is because Africa is hot, literally hot. Vitamin D from the sun is everywhere every day at least twelve hours.

Africa is still developing, so most of it is still in its raw state. Developments are yet to cover all places. So you will be able to get an insight of how things ran many years ago in its remote places. Simply, Africa is full of surprises and very welcoming to everyone in the world.

That said, what are some of these places can you be able to enjoy all these.

Here we go:

Kenya

Chyulu hills

It hosts the greatest wildlife estate called Maasai Mara National Reserve. Also known as one of the best wildlife destination in the world. The Maasai Mara Reserve is also where the greatest wildebeest migration takes place.

It’s a home to a variety and good number of national parks and reserves. Not forgetting the historical sites, cultural centres, sanctuaries, nature parks, mountains, among others.

Tanzania

Mount Kilimanjaro

It’s the other half of the greatest wildebeest migration. A home to some of largest herds of wildlife mammals.

For beach lovers, Zanzibar offers you exactly that. And a lot of history to learn from.

Uganda

Murchison Falls National Park

Read the full article here.

Animals Too Have Feelings

Just like humans, animals too have feelings. I was very happy when I saw billboards advising citizens to respect animals by not being cruel to them. They went ahead to show some of the actions considered cruel while handling animals.

Most people tend to assume that animals don’t feel anything . Or maybe what they may feel doesn’t matter or count. Hence end up mistreating them in awful ways.

Some of the acts may even be due to ignorance. Whereby the perpetrators has no idea of the consequences of their actions.

These actions include:

  • Feeding pets human foods.
  • Confiding pets in cages with environment that is not conducive
  • Neglecting a pet.
  • Remaining silence about it and allowing it to continue happening.
  • Killing them mercilessly.
  • Using them for experiments unethically.
  • Smuggling animals.
  • Feeding wildlife in the conservation areas and zoos.
  • Poaching
  • Killing animals for fun. (trophy hunting)
  • Using animals for entertainment (bull-fighting, dog-fighting, cock-fighting, animals circuses, among others)
  • Leaving pets unattended to for a very long time.
  • Causing pain on animals from beating them.
  • Denying them….

Read the full article here.

Hippos are the new Elephants in the Ivory World

Did you know that hippos are the new elephants in the ivory world? That’s right and quite sad. So the elephants have drastically reduced in population. And the poachers are looking for alternatives, since it seems they can’t survive without ivory.

Fact: Hippo teeth are made of ivory just like elephants tusks.

It’s very sad that the need for ivory will lead to extinction of more species. Walruses and narwhals are not safe either. In short, any species that have any part of it containing ivory. Is not safe in our planet.

Hippos have already been categorized as vulnerable to extinction by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Facing more threats such as:

  • Being hunted for meat .
  • Habitat loss due to human encroachment.
  • Poaching for illegal and unregulated sale of their teeth.
  • Climate change that is drying up their wetland habitats.
  • Human-wildlife conflicts.

From poachers view, hippo’s ivory is cheap and easy to work on. Hence most preferred compared to elephant tusks. The consumers can not easily distinguish between the two, making it a booking business for the evil guys.

Hippo teeth was traded legally before. The traded teeth had to be from the dead hippos due to natural causes. Hence the trade was open and allowed. This is one of the fuel behind the illegal hippo teeth trade. They are literally killed for their teeth.

The predominant source is Africa including countries such as Zambia, Malawi, Tanzania, as well as Zimbabwe. Sadly they are exported via Mombasa in Kenya to Asia. A clear indication that Kenyan hippos too maybe on the same predicament.

Africa if not serious will lose all its wildlife sooner than we thought. Attacking these species aimlessly and caring much on the dirty money we get from it. Will continue to push us to our own grave. The title of being safari destination is slowly fading away.

Just the other day, a documentary showed how the Mara river is dying. So the greater migration will die with it too. And we will no longer host the eighth wonder of the world.

It’s time we scream and fight harder for our wildlife. Not accepting to be blinded by any amount of money presented to us. Invest time to understand and appreciate our natural resource. As we together agree that they deserve protection just like the other citizens.

Hippo

Read the full article here.

What did You During World Rhino’s Day!

World Rhino Day is marked on 22nd of September. We get to celebrate this wonderful species as well as recognize it’s importance in the ecosystem.

We lost Sudan early this year and his death promoted awareness around rhinos. More people got to understand some facts about them. From their conservation status to survival rates. More people came out to stand with this species in terms of resources and service.

Foundations, zoos, animal orphanage, conservation areas and even individuals. Have been giving donations for the protection of this species. More research is being conducted in hopes of saving them from extinction.

In Kenya , rhinos are hosted in settled conservation areas. Where each of them has caretakers who guard them around the clock. Unfortunately, some still die under mysterious causes or get poached. So technically, we are yet to provide them 100% security.

The death of the rhinos that were to be trans-located to Tsavo, still remains a mystery. The story died and everyone seemed to have moved on with life. Maybe waiting for another wildlife scandal. This are some of the sad stories surround our precious wildlife.

Rhinos are mainly hunted for their horns . Which sadly contains same material as our nails. But humans have different opinions and beliefs on their horns.

White Rhino
White Rhino

FYI: All the five rhinos species are not safe. They are either vulnerable, endangered or threatened.

Saving rhinos should not be a one day event. But rather a daily routine. Laws have to be strict and penalties be harsh to those who can’t put their hands off rhinos. In fact the poachers should not even be allowed to have a lawyer during the trial. It should be treated like a first degree murder.

What are you doing as a person to save species like rhinos?

There are variety of ways that you can contribute positively towards conservation and preservation of these species. They include:

  • Tourism – you get to contribute funds to the conservation areas you visit.

 

Read the full article here.

Oysters

Oysters are salt-water bivalve mollusks found in oceans/sea/brackish habitats. They belong to the ostreoidea family.

They can be consumed raw or cooked by humans. And some of them have pearl that is harvested to make decorative objects.

Oysters can be consumed both cooked or raw
Oysters can be consumed both cooked or raw

Types of Oysters

1. True Oysters

Comprises of the edible oysters.

Examples include belon oyster, Olympia oyster, pacific oysters, among others.

Pacific Oyster
Pacific Oyster

2. Pearl Oysters

As the names indicates, their translucent shells produce pearl.

Example include marine pinctada maxima. It is the largest pearl-bearing oyster.

3. Thorny Oysters

4. Saddle Oysters / Jingle shells

5.Pilgrim Oysters

6. Dimydarian Oysters

7. Windowpane Oysters

How do Oysters feed?

Oysters are filter feeders by beating cilia over their gills. They are able to filter up to five liter of water within an hour.

The filtered food is moved to the mouth where digestion happens.

They mostly feed on the algae which if left untouched would lead to eutrophication. Hence the oyster feeding is importance to the checking of algae population.

They do also provide habitat to the other marine animals.

This makes oyster qualify as a keystone species. This is due to their great importance in the structure of the ecosystems where they are found.

Reproduction system for Oysters

Some of the oysters are able to produce both eggs and sperms. Hence can be able to fertilize its own eggs.

The ones with no sperms, the fertilization happens internally. Then the fertilized eggs are released into the water.

What do we call a group of oysters?

Oyster reef
Oyster reef

A group of oysters is commonly known as oyster reef or a bed.

They normally get attached at a surface and remain in that position.

They tend to stick on a surface
They tend to stick on a surface

Importance of Oysters in the ecosystem services

Read the full article here.

Sea Urchins

Sea urchins are marine creatures. They are echinoderms and belong to the class of Echinoidea. And can be found in the floor of oceans. They prefer areas with coral reef for safety measures.

Sea urchins love to live within the coral reefs for safety measures
Sea urchins love to live within the coral reefs for safety measures

Sea urchin have more than 100 known species. Which are different in sizes, color and shapes. But mainly in round to oval body shapes. Most of them are red, green, brown, purple or black.

They come in different shapes, sizes and colors.
They come in different shapes, sizes and colors.

Sample species of sea urchin include:

  1. Slate pencil urchin
  2. Caribbean sea urchin
  3. Sea potato
  4. Purple sea urchin
  5. Red sea urchin (longest living)

Their bodies are covered by both spikes and hard shell. The ones with longer spikes are the dangerous one. They have no bones.

For you to be able to tell between a female and male. You need a closer microscopic viewing. Or by observing reproduction.

The spikes are used for:

  • Defense
  • Movements
  • Hunting

Some species of sea urchin have spikes containing venom. Hence giving deadly sting to anyone going near them.

Some spikes contain venom, hence should be handled with care.
Some spikes contain venom, hence should be handled with care.

Sea urchin have 5 paired tube feet that have suckers at the bottom. The suckers help in movements, hunting and sticking on surfaces.

Their mouth is located at the center of its body’s underside. And comprises of five tooth-like plates. While the anus is located at the top of its body.

Sea urchin primarily feed on the algae. They do feed on sessile (immobile) or slow-moving animals occasionally as well as dead fish. Hence they are omnivores just like humans.

Sea urchin observe external fertilization. Whereby the female lay eggs and the male spread sperms on them.

Sea urchin are considered a delicacy in some countries. They are also hunted by crabs, birds, sea otter, among others.

Some people consider sea urchins to be a delicacy
Some people consider sea urchins to be a delicacy

Interesting fact:

Read the full article here.

Passion Is Everything

Passion is everything. It can help you understand something very well more than someone who had to under education program.

The sun was very hot, very normal for people living in Mombasa. As we made our way to the beach, it was already full despite being a week day.

The boats were ready
The boats were ready

People are quickly appreciating importance of having holidays and relax from their very busy day jobs. Many of the people here came as families.

It was really impressive to see parents and their children enjoying themselves at the beach. One of the families really caught my attention. Their dad was so funny and lively. He lied down and his wife together with their kids applied the sand all over his body. They covered almost every inch of his body, including his face. He was a big guy with a big tummy. But that seemed not to stop him from having fun.

They were happy to do it to their dad and didn’t stop laughing. It was hilarious. This motivated the other dad’s to request same from their family. The beach looked funny.

The view was enough to make you smile
The view was enough to make you smile

We decided to have a ride into the marine park before joining the fun. Several guys approached to offer boat ride services. One of them stood up. He was very persuasive and we decided to take his offer.

He knew the ocean like the back of his hand. From the different parts of the ocean to the different animals. He was a great swimmer and diver. With no equipment but just a pair of shorts.

The ocean was calm
The ocean was calm

Read the full article here.

Letter to all FAKE Conservationists

This must be  one of my saddest letter.

Why would you pretend to fight for wildlife?

Why would you take innocent citizens for granted?

Misusing their donations in destroying the same wildlife they think they are conserving.

Using conservation agenda to meet your evil hidden goals.

Hiding behind big  organizations perceived to conserve nature.

Coming up with brilliant “evil” ideas that deceive everyone and make you prosper.

Claiming to be the voice of the voiceless wildlife, while in real sense. You are taking advantage of them. Completely working to keep them silent forever.

In the face you make us believe that you are working towards species conservation. While in real sense , you are working towards their extinctions.

You invest heavily and make everyone believe that you are doing a good cause. Build influence and take up important positions in wildlife committees.

You make your way into the decision making panels. Hence becoming almost unstoppable. Coming up with policies that are unsuitable to wildlife survival.

The innocent make generous donations, knowing very well that they are doing good for the nature. Unknown to them that they are unknowingly contributing to evils being done to wildlife.


Read full letter here.

The Great Wildebeest Migration

It is believed to be one of the Seven New wonders of the World. Mainly involves two countries, Kenya and Tanzania.

The migration is primarily driven by the search of fresh pasture and water. And has been there for many years now.

For you to enjoy this migration, you have to be conversant with the weather patterns and animals behavior. It includes calving, whereby hundreds of calves are born. This happens in the month of January on the Tanzania side, Serengeti National Park.

Once they get a route, they follow through.
Once they get a route, they follow through.

The most interesting and famous part this migration happens between June and August. This is the time the animals cross the great Mara river , found in Kenya.

Despite being named Wildebeest migration, it also comprises of other animals. They include zebras, grant gazelles, eland, among others. Wildebeest are usually in big numbers hence the name.

The migration involves almost two million animals
The migration involves almost two million animals

This migration involves over two million animals. And they have been migrating almost the same way annually. No two migrations are the same. Hence it would be great to enjoy it over few years to fully get something interesting out of the migration.

So how do they manage to co-existence together?

All the involved animals are social. They mark their territories and do not join or leave their groups. This arrangement is observed throughout the migration.

Yes, they will migrate together but do it in their found groups. They will continue defending their territories. Ensuring  no intrudes and safety of the group.

The migration also accommodates other animals such as the zebras
The migration also accommodates other animals such as the zebras

Togetherness is key during this migration

This migration maybe fun to the tourists. But its a hard journey full of obstacles and death for the animals.

The animals suffer several short comings during the journey and rule of nature prevails. Survival for the fittest is evident during this migration.

Predators such as the lions, hyenas, cheetahs, leopards, crocodiles and many others anticipate for this migration. They are able to hunt easily , as  prey are in large numbers.

Did you know?

That Maasai Mara National Reserve is the home to the largest population of lions in the world.

They wait for each other before crossing the river
They wait for each other before crossing the river

Amazingly, all the animals migrating do wait for each other. They do before crossing any water bodies. Once they are in good numbers then they go ahead to look for a good stop to dive into the rivers. They do so by roaming different spots at the riverside.

Unfortunately, sometimes they can decide to just dive in from any side into the river. And start swimming across the river. Due to how they travel following each other. The ones behind just follow behind and rarely divert.

Mostly they will avoid densely vegetated areas and deep waters for the fear of predators. Since such places act as best hide outs for predators.

How many rivers do they cross?

Read the full article here.