Elephants are the largest mammals on land alive. They are keystone species and have attracted attention of a wide variety of people. From researchers, tourists and anyone/anything that appreciate their uniqueness.
They are most unique wildlife with a very beautiful memory that is passed on to generations. Able to mourn their dead. As well as manage to handle little berries delicately using their nose, which is also known as their nose.
They can be divided into 3 species. Namely:
African bush elephants
African forest elephants
They can easily be found in Sub-Saharan Africa as well as both South and Southeast Asia. In places such as the forests, savannah, marques and even deserts.
They are able to use their huge ears to regulate their body temperature. Their ears allow them to release heat into the environment. Hence allowing the rest of the body conducive body temperatures. They do so by flapping their ears. African elephants have the largest ears as they occupy the hottest areas.
Did you know that their trunk has no bones? It’s made of up to 150k muscles components and little fat. It’s one of the most important body parts to them.
Trunk functions include:
Offers sense of smell
Wiping their face
For African elephants, they have two finger-like extensions at the tip of their truck, while the Asian one, only has one extension.
In Support of, ”This is Ground Zero. Support the Future”
In Support of, ”This is Ground Zero. Support the Future”. This has been done in different cities through protests by school kids. With one message, for political leaders to pay attention and stop politizing everything.
Greta Thunberg is a sweet girl aged 16 years. Very passionate climate activist that have been protesting for change among the political leaders. She has touched and convinced many despite her young change. Clear indicator that anyone can cause change, and age remains just a number.
It’s true many may ignore children’s advise as they are seen not mature enough. Or assumed that don’t know much. But she proved us wrong. She was able to see the ugly side of humans.
Whereby the poor suffer for the few rich people to have a better live. Where we get to suffer consequences of others and still say nothing. Or made to remain silence / lied to when we decide to speak up.
Celebrating Marine Life on the World Wildlife Day 2019
Celebrating Marine Life on the World Wildlife Day 2019. Kenyans in the coastal areas were able to interact with conservationists who taught them more about marine conservation.
There have been increased awareness among the local communities regarding wildlife and pollution. Especially in the coast, Ocean cleaning has become responsibility for the community. They ensure that visitors understand importance of not dumping into the ocean. As well remove the plastics that have already made their way into the ocean.
Through these activities, they have been able to turn these trash to treasure. We have several groups that have found ways to make stuff out of plastic stuff into beautiful items. Which they sell , hence improving their livelihood.
Most importantly, they have been able to understand the severe consequences of using oceans as dumpsites. They are ready and willing to do anything that will promote good healthy for the ocean. After all, most of their livelihood depend on the ocean and it’s resources.
They do have a special place in their hearts for marine life. The fishermen among other communities, take part in rescueing any stranded marine creature, or ones that find themselves in wrong places.
Gone are the days where they hunted for the turtle and their eggs for food and sale. Nowadays they protect them, and even taking them to the designated organizations for treatment if founf sick or injured.
They have been taught on the various marine animals ways of lives. Hence able to understand how they can help such creatures. This has been through several conservation bodies. both governmental and non0governmental. And we can happily conclude that, marine has a future after all.
Are the Mountains Safe from the Development Activities?
Are the Mountains Safe from the Development Activities? Or are they vulnerable just like the other parts of conservation areas.
From the previous blog, we were to get to know some of mountains found in the amazing Kenya. It’s important I let you know that some of those mountains act as the source of water to most part f the country. They literally hold our lives as water is life.
Apart from being a source of many rivers and springs, they offer habitat to our wildlife and allow engage in various outdoor activities.
Wildlife land encroachment and grabbing have been the greatest and deadliest threat to the survival of wildlife. The land being grabbed was the one considered convenient for farming and adjusted to the farms. Mostly, the flat areas.
This may make you think that mountains are safe. But that’s not the case. We are still losing them to developments and civilization.
Threats facing Mountains
Best trees are mostly found in the mountains. Hence loggers will target these places. Promoting deforestation and distrusting the vegetation cover in these particular mountains. They will do their best to sneak into these forests and cut down the trees.
Demand for geothermal energy. This mostly affect the active volcano mountains. Energy companies over exploit them, destroying them in return. They go ahead to build plants at the foot of these mountains, introducing tarmacked roads, among other developments. Which cause more destruction to anything in the mountains. Wildlife get killed by the speeding vehicles. Caves used by indigenous species get destroyed as they drill into the calderas. Continuous drilling lead to destruction of the vegetation within the mountains.
Mountains are being bulldozed down to provide room for developments. This happens to the mountains that are within communities outside conservation areas. They are made flat like they never existed in the first place. It’s vegetation and animals, disappear in the process.
The wildfires. The ones that occur naturally have less damage and more benefits. But the ones caused by humans, end up wiping away both vegetation and wildlife (insects, big animals, birds, etc).
Destruction of the mountains due to development activities is our loss
Understanding Environmental Racism. It’s something that was noted many years ago. As mankind embraced civilization and urbanization.
It refers to any environment injustice happening or directed to the minority groups. That is, whether practiced or applied in policies.
How can you identify an environmental racism act?
When you notice exposure of harmful waste to particulars areas.
Vulnerability of a community to problems such as the floods.
Discriminatory waste management
Inaccessibility of safe to drink water.
The above qualify to be a case of environmental racism , if they are done intential and directed to a particular minor group.
This to mean that, for developing countries that are not able to provide all its citizens with safe to drink water. Can not be said to practice environmental racism. But when the rich and able decide to expose the poor with their harmful waste. Then this qualifies as an environmental racism.
It simply implies directing negative outcomes as a result of human impact on other humans who have nothing to do with it. Sadly, the receiver of the bad news. Suffering consequences of actions by the abled ones.
But why would someone do that to the other humans?
Environmental racism is as a result of environmental injustices. What do we do to ensure we observe and practice environmental justice.
I came across some principles that may help us understand how to be fair to the environment and the minor groups.
Principles of Environmental Justice adopted by Delegates to the First National People of Color Environmental Leadership Summit held on October 24-27, 1991, in Washington DC.
Affirms the sacredness of Mother Earth, ecological unity and the interdependence of all species, and the right to be free from ecological destruction.
Demands that public policy be based on mutual respect and justice for all peoples, free from any form of discrimination or bias.
Mandates the right to ethical, balanced and responsible uses of land and renewable resources in the interest of a sustainable planet for humans and other living things.
Calls for universal protection from nuclear testing, extraction, production, and disposal of toxic/hazardous wastes and poisons and nuclear testing that threaten the fundamental right to clean air, land, water, and food.
Affirms the fundamental right to political, economic, cultural and environmental self-determination of all peoples.
Demands the cessation of the production of all toxins, hazardous wastes, and radioactive materials, and that all past and current producers be held strictly accountable to the people for detoxification and the containment at the point of production.
Demands the right to participate as equal partners at every level of decision-making, including needs assessment, planning, implementation, enforcement and evaluation.
Affirms the right of all workers to a safe and healthy work environment without being forced to choose between an unsafe livelihood and unemployment. It also affirms the right of those who work at home to be free from environmental hazards.
Protects the right of victims of environmental injustice to receive full compensation and reparations for damages as well as quality health care.
Considers governmental acts of environmental injustice a violation of international law, the Universal Declaration On Human Rights, and the United Nations Convention on Genocide.
Must recognize a special legal and natural relationship of Native Peoples to the U.S. government through treaties, agreements, compacts, and covenants affirming sovereignty and self-determination.
Affirms the need for urban and rural ecological policies to clean up and rebuild our cities and rural areas in balance with nature, honoring the cultural integrity of all our communities, and provided fair access for all to the full range of resources.
Calls for the strict enforcement of principles of informed consent, and a halt to the testing of experimental reproductive and medical procedures and vaccinations on people of color.
Opposes the destructive operations of multi-national corporations.
Opposes military occupation, repression and exploitation of lands, peoples and cultures, and other life forms.
Calls for the education of present and future generations which emphasizes social and environmental issues, based on our experience and an appreciation of our diverse cultural perspectives.
Requires that we, as individuals, make personal and consumer choices to consume as little of Mother Earth’s resources and to produce as little waste as possible; and make the conscious decision to challenge and reprioritize our lifestyles to ensure the health of the natural world for present and future generations.
Femalehood In The Wild. Is it any different from ours or for domestic species. As we get to celebrate women around the world on this special day. Lets celebrate the ladies in the wild too.
I wish all ladies around the world, happiest International Women Day. May we continue to shine and sky should not be the limit. Thumbs up to all men who support women.And those who are yet to join the team, we are waiting for you to transform. Women are the light and great asset in our community.
Today I was like us to get to know several females in the wild that make me smile every time I think about them. They include:
You will manage to see which of them has traits you like or have.
Despite being smaller than the lions (male), they are better hunters and does most of the hunting. Surprisely, male lions are the ones that consume the prey first.
They are not only the bread winners, but lead the pride too. While their male counterparts, ensure no intruders. Defending the pride’s territory as well as marking it with their scent markings.
They do most of their huntings at night and in groups.
Now this one, is the best to study.
She lays the eggs and the male incubates them. She rarely or reluctantly incubates her eggs.
She lives within a territory of 1 – 4 mates. She will mate with several of them away or form more than one pair bonds with her mates. This is because they have a simultaneous polyandrous mating system.
She has a very strong relation to her half. But not her mate. Spends time mostly alone and bond with a male while mating.
The greater apes include the chimpanzees, gorillas, orangutans as well as the bonobos.
They are close relative species to humans. They have various similarities and brain developments in progress.
They are also one of the largest apes and have no tails. Unlike other wildlife species, they are able to make use of their hands for doing activities such as food gathering, carrying materials needed to build their nests, and are able to use tools. It’s a plus from their brain developments.
Just like humans, the great apes are omnivores. That is to say, they can feed on both plants and other living orgainism. But most of them prefer feeding on fruits.
They give birth to one offspring or twins in rare occasion. This is after carrying the pregnancy for approximately 8-9 months.
Let’s get to know about each of them and how we affect their survival.
They are biggest among the apes. They can weigh up to 65 kilograms and stand tall approximately 94 centimeters. Covered with a coarse black hair except on their face, palms of their hand, feet soles and toes. Just like humans.
The greater apes, the gorillas. Also known as the ground dwelling ape.
They are found in Rwanda, Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo. In the Virunga Massif, that borders the three countries.
They are huge weighing up to 195 kilograms and stand close to 1.8 meters high. The males are bigger in size than their female counter parts.
They are known of their knuckle-walking whereby , their fore arms rest on the knuckles while walking. While carrying stuff and in defensive, they can walk bipedally like humans.
They heavily feed on the plants. But the diet do differ within the species. Whereby, the Eastern lowland gorillas include a higher quantity of fruits compared to what the Mountain gorilla consume.
Chimpanzees are the closest to humans, and Gorilla follows shortly after the bonobos.
Unlike the other greater apes, gorillas build their nests on the ground and not on trees. This is maybe due to their huge physical structure. The baby gorillas just like the baby chimpanzees, sleep with their mums.
Western gorilla which involves the Western lowland gorillas and Cross river gorilla
Eastern gorilla which involves Mountain gorilla and Eastern lowland gorilla.
They are social beings
A group of gorillas is known as a troop. Which comprises of one dominant adult male, a number of females and their babies. Although it has been noted that several adult males may be noted in some troops.
The dominant adult males plays the same roles as the dominant chimpanzee.
They can be able to live up to 40 years in the wild and almost more than 50 years in captivity.