All gazelles are Antelopes, but not all antelopes are gazelles. How is that? Did you know that?
That’s right, gazelles are among Antelopes’ many species.
Antelopes comprises of 91 species. its members are even-toed ungulates. They live in groups known as herds. They are native to Africa and Eurasia.
Their habitat ranges fro Savannah, forests and even semi-aquatic. They have been moved to different parts of their world for different reasons. Some due to their beautiful horns, for game hunting, among others.
Antelopes have been known for their running that helps them escape their predators. Some are able to spring jump while others are able to make long strides while running. This is irregardless of their very slender feet.
Antelopes resembles cow by how they partake their food. They are both ruminants. Meaning , they chew their food twice. During extraction from their source and before digestion. So they have to chew the cud.
They have eyes well placed at their side, strong sense of smell and hearing, camouflage body and staying in herd helps them escape predictors. Their eyes are able to cover a good radius with the help of horizontally elongated pupils. They normally feed against the winds so as to get the predictors smell as they approach. They mix very well with their environment , making it difficult to spot.
Antelopes are sexually dimorphic. Meaning that , the males and females have different physical characteristic. In most of the big antelope species, males are bigger than the females. While in smaller species, females are bigger than the males.
The differences include:
Presence of horns and their shape and size
One sex may have horn and the other may not have. Or both may have horns but of different shapes and sizes.
Pigmentation of their coats
One sex may have a darker pigmentation compared to their counterparts.
Sample of antelope species
These are some of the antelope species that you will spot in the Kenya during your safaris.
Which comprises of two subspecies:
The blue wildebeest
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